7 most beautiful European cathedrals that you should definitely see
While the world community is discussing how much time (and effort) it will take to restore the French relic – Notre Dame de Paris or Notre Dame Cathedral, which was damaged during the recent fire, we decided to find other equally majestic and important cathedrals of Europe, which definitely deserve your attention. You will only have to choose the direction and decide where you go first. Or, perhaps, you will make your own unique route that allows you to cover all these (and not only) places of worship.
Basilica of Notre Dame de Niese, France
This largest Church in nice, the construction of which began back in 1864, is called a reduced copy of the Notre Dame Cathedral. Snow-white building with Golden trim, decorated in neo-Gothic style with two square towers 65 meters high, pointed arches and a huge window-rose, looks very impressive and impressive. Inside the restored Basilica, characterized by excellent acoustics, special attention should be unique stained glass Windows made by the best French masters of the XIX century, a copy of the painting by bartolomé Murillo “Holy Family” and the statue of the virgin Mary, located in the chapel.
St. Peter’s Basilica, Italy
This is one of the most revered shrines and the most popular object of visit not only pilgrims but also tourists, is the center of the Roman Catholic religion and is the second largest Christian temple in the world. The building, which for many centuries was attended by the most prominent architects, is located on St. Peter’s Square in the Vatican, so if you are planning a trip to Rome, be sure to visit this attraction. The Cathedral itself is stunning in its scale, inside, for example, its length is 186 meters, the height in the Central nave is 45 meters, and with the dome – all 119 meters. The interior definitely deserves to be considered for hours every detail and element of the decor. For example, on the red porphyry plate of the Main portal, where the altar used to be, Pope Leo III at Christmas 800. put the crown of the Roman Emperor on the head of Charlemagne, in the first chapel of the right aisle is still preserved the great works of Michelangelo (the sculptural group “Pieta”, created at the request of the French cardinal Jean de Bilara Lirola), and the fourth column to the right you can find the stunning bronze sitting statue of St. Peter (XIII century), the right foot which is polished by the kisses of the faithful.
Cologne Cathedral, Germany
This third largest Gothic Cathedral in the world, with a height of 157 meters, is a true symbol of Cologne. Despite the fact that its official name is the Cathedral in the name of St. Peter and St. The virgin Mary, however, locals and tourists call it simply as Cologne Cathedral. The magnificent building, where the chair of the Archbishop of Cologne is located, was included in the UNESCO world heritage List in 1996. To date, the Cathedral boasts an incredible interior decoration, also designed in the Gothic style. There are two chairs, one for the Pope and the other for the Emperor, which no one can occupy during the service. The Golden sarcophagus, the cancer of the Three kings, holds the relics of the three Magi who brought gifts to the newborn Jesus Christ in Bethlehem, are also popular not only among pilgrims, but also among tourists who come to Cologne every year to see this splendor with their own eyes.
Reims Cathedral, France
Spectacular Gothic Cathedral in Reims, construction of which began in 1211, is one of the most famous not only in France but also abroad. From the early middle Ages to the XIX century — this building was the place of coronation of almost all French monarchs, during the First world war it was seriously damaged, and then was restored, but lost some of the original stained glass Windows and sculptures. Now the facades of the Cathedral are decorated with 2303 statues, among which the most famous is the so-called “smiling angel”, which became one of the symbols of the city. In 1991, this striking example of Gothic architecture and a symbol of the most important events of European history was included in the UNESCO world heritage list.
St. Vitus Cathedral, Czech Republic
The temple, which adorns the historical center of the Czech capital, can be confidently called one of the most famous long-term buildings in Europe. The work on the project was started by the famous Flemish architect Matthias from Arras, then, after his death, the process passed to the German specialist Peter Parlerzh, who also owns the Charles Bridge and the Church of All Saints in the capital. However, he did not have time to fully implement his plan, and finished only part of the transept and choir. His sons completed the South side of the temple and part of the tower. In the XV – XVI centuries, the work continued architects B. Reith and B. Volmut, and completed construction only in the early XX century. Those who first saw this splendor, mesmerizing medieval Gothic, organically combined with Baroque elements and skillful neo-Gothic stylizations.
St. Stephen’s Cathedral, Austria
On the site of this most famous Gothic building of Vienna and the symbol of the city first was a simple Romanesque Basilica, built in 1147, the Building was severely damaged during the first Turkish siege in 1683, and then in the last days of the Second world war and was restored only in 1950. It is noteworthy that in 1782 it was here that Mozart’s wedding took place, and in December 1791 the great composer was buried in the same Church. Special attention should be paid to the interior of the Cathedral – the tombstone of Emperor Frederick III and Prince Eugene of Savoy, a unique Department of Anton Pilgram and the Vienna Gothic altar, created in 1447. If you want to enjoy spectacular views of Vienna and the Vienna forest, then go up to the North tower, where, by the way, is the world’s largest bell Pummerin, the ringing of which can be heard only on new year’s eve.
Barcelona Cathedral (Cathedral of the Holy cross and St. Eulalia), Spain
The majestic building with a spectacular spire, built in the XIV—XV centuries, is located in the Gothic quarter of Barcelona. Surprisingly, until 1298, when the Gothic came here, there was a Romanesque Church, a mosque and a Roman Basilica. The facade, churches and interior decoration deserve special attention. What only is skilled carving, Renaissance reliefs from the life of St. Eulalia, designed by Bartolome Ordonez, as well as the vaulted Gothic gallery of the Cathedral, where you can get from Carrer del Bistre through the gate of Santa Eulalia.